Android Splash Screens


Add Splash Screen Header

The beginning of a Flutter experience requires a brief wait while Dart initializes. Additionally, a full Flutter app requires standard Android app initialization time. Flutter supports the display of a launch screen while your Android app initializes, and also supports the display of a splash screen while your Flutter experience initializes. This guide teaches you how to use launch screens and splash screens in an Android app with Flutter.

Android launch screen

Every Android app requires initialization time while the operating system sets up the app’s process. Android provides the concept of a launch screen to display a Drawable while the app is initializing.

Flutter provides support for displaying an Android launch screen before showing a FlutterActivity. The instructions to display an Android launch screen are discussed in the next sections.

Define a launch theme

In styles.xml, define a theme whose windowBackground is set to the Drawable that should be displayed as the launch screen.

<style name="LaunchTheme" parent="@android:style/Theme.Black.NoTitleBar">
    <item name="android:windowBackground">@drawable/launch_background</item>

Define a normal theme

In styles.xml, define a normal theme to be applied to FlutterActivity after the launch screen is gone. The normal theme background only shows for a very brief moment after the splash screen disappears, and during orientation change and Activity restoration. Therefore, it’s recommended that the normal theme use a solid background color that looks similar to the primary background color of the Flutter UI.

<style name="NormalTheme" parent="@android:style/Theme.Black.NoTitleBar">
    <item name="android:windowBackground">@drawable/normal_background</item>

Setup FlutterActivity in AndroidManifest.xml

In AndroidManifest.xml, set the theme of FlutterActivity to the launch theme. Then, add a metadata element to the desired FlutterActivity to instruct Flutter to switch from the launch theme to the normal theme at the appropriate time.

    // ...
        <action android:name="android.intent.action.MAIN"/>
        <category android:name="android.intent.category.LAUNCHER"/>

The Android app now displays the desired launch screen while the app initializes.

Flutter splash screen

Each Flutter experience in an app requires a few moments to initialize the Dart isolate that runs the code. This means a user momentarily sees a blank screen until Flutter renders its first frame. Flutter supports an improved user experience by displaying an Android View as a splash screen while Flutter initializes.

Flutter supports two options for a splash screen. The first option is to
display a Drawable of your choice, which fades out after the initialization is complete. The other option is to provide a custom SplashScreen, which is capable of displaying any Android View content that you want.

Showing a Drawable splash screen

A Drawable splash screen can be configured for a FlutterActivity, FlutterFragment, or FlutterView.

In a FlutterActivity

To display a Drawable as a Flutter splash screen in a FlutterActivity, add the following metadata to the associated FlutterActivity in AndroidManifest.xml.


To display a splash screen with the same visual as a launch screen, reference the same @drawable/launch_background in the meta-data.

In a FlutterFragment

To display a Drawable as a Flutter splash screen in a FlutterFragment, make FlutterFragment a subclass and override provideSplashScreen().

public class MyFlutterFragment extends FlutterFragment {
    protected SplashScreen provideSplashScreen() {
        // Load the splash Drawable.
        Drawable splash = getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.my_splash);

        // Construct a DrawableSplashScreen with the loaded splash Drawable and
        // return it.
        return new DrawableSplashScreen(splash);

Creating a custom SplashScreen

Splash screens are a great branding opportunity. Because of that, many teams implement unique, highly customized splash experiences. To facilitate this, Flutter allows you to display an arbitrary Android View as a splash screen, and even allows you to control how that View transitions to Flutter after Flutter renders its first frame.

Implement a custom splash View

First, define the custom View that should be displayed as the splash screen.

This View could display anything, from a simple solid color to an animation. An example isn’t provided because there are too many options.

Implement the SplashScreen interface

With a custom View defined, implement the SplashScreen interface.

This guide shows two approaches to a SplashScreen implementation. First, the following is an example of a SplashScreen that has no visual state and no transition animation.

public class SimpleSplashScreen implements SplashScreen {
    public View createSplashView(
      @NonNull Context context,
      @Nullable Bundle savedInstanceState
    ) {
        // Return a new MySplashView without saving a reference, because it
        // has no state that needs to be tracked or controlled.
        return new MySplashView(context);

    public void transitionToFlutter(@NonNull Runnable onTransitionComplete) {
        // Immediately invoke onTransitionComplete because this SplashScreen
        // doesn't display a transition animation.
        // Every SplashScreen *MUST* invoke onTransitionComplete at some point
        // for the splash system to work correctly.;

The second example is a bit more sophisticated. In this example, the custom SplashScreen keeps a reference to its custom View and instructs the custom View to transition away, passing the onTransitionComplete callback to the custom View to invoke.

public class SplashScreenWithTransition implements SplashScreen {
    private MySplashView mySplashView;

    public View createSplashView(
      @NonNull Context context,
      @Nullable Bundle savedInstanceState
    ) {
        // A reference to the MySplashView is retained so that it can be told
        // to transition away at the appropriate time.
        mySplashView = new MySplashView(context);
        return mySplashView;

    public void transitionToFlutter(@NonNull Runnable onTransitionComplete) {
        // Instruct MySplashView to animate away in whatever manner it wants.
        // The onTransitionComplete Runnable is passed to the MySplashView to be
        // invoked when the transition animation is complete.

With custom splash screens, the sky is the limit. In fact, you could create a splash screen that shows an animated sky! Have fun with this flexible splash system, and share your creations with the community!

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